Prehistoric cultural affiliation(s) include Adena, Hopewell, Woodland and Mississippian dating back to 1499 BC.
Several famous people are associated with these Fairfield County historic places including John Sherman, William Medill and John M. Creed.
Some of the country's most noteable architects helped create the Fairfield County places including Capt. Augustus Witte, August Borneman, Jacob R. Brandt, Jacob Brandt, Aug Borneman & Sons, Samuel Doyle, James W. Buchanan, Daniel Sifford, Hocking Valley Bridge Works and John Leist. Prominent architectural styles found in Fairfield Country are Italianate, Greek Revival and Federal.